Pinards PDF

A. L. KROEBER. University of California. Search for more papers by this author. First published: April‐June But to Kroeber, the superorganic was actually what made anthropology a science —with its subject matter being the universals and regularities of human. The idea of “The superorganic” is associated with Alfred Kroeber, an American anthropologist writing in the first half of the twentieth century.

Author: Kajimuro Kazilmaran
Country: Nicaragua
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Technology
Published (Last): 10 April 2010
Pages: 246
PDF File Size: 8.27 Mb
ePub File Size: 2.10 Mb
ISBN: 381-1-42235-822-4
Downloads: 89405
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Malataur

The links are symbolic, not genetic as in biological systems. The arrangement makes them alive. The current approach is to protect isolated peoples as much as possible, to initiate contact only as a last resort. This elaboration links humans together into communities and societies. Kroeber sees the organic and the mental as being very closely connected — indeed, he argues that intelligence may be genetically determined.

Those are carried by individuals. A living entity transcends its inorganic parts. As you can imagine, a better part of the bibliography comes from Anthro. Human beings are animals, and as such tbe organic systems. Kroeber included material from the article in his textbook Anthropology: The essay is clearly written and structured, but there is little explicit signposting. At the same time, Kroeber jroeber, art and literature conveys truths that are tje, but which are aesthetic and not scientific.

When it comes to speaking for a contemporary audience, then, Kroeber is his own worst enemy. Rather, culture operates on its own level of determination. And yet it is little read today. They have developed communications between themselves to an elaborate degree, much more sophisticated than other animals. The second level of complexity is composed of living things. There are no superior races. And frankly, once must already know what is in it in order to know it is worth finding in the first place.

Please feel free to share widely! And if a culture is ready for an innovation, then anyone with above average intelligence may be able to invent it. But HAU may beat me to it. Since you know well the Lowie collection at Berkeley, are there any texts that tthe be available online?


“The Superorganic,” or Kroeber’s hidden agenda.

How, then, could culture have originated if it is such a unique phenomena? I have cut it down to just under 8, Looking at the relationship between living things and their inorganic components in this way helps us to understand the relationship between culture and persons. Culture and society comprise the third level. The Mashco-Piro and the dilemmas of isolation and contact Cantor and Smith: So hard to find good materials that draw students into particular debates or key ideas.

It superlrganic indeed a very tricky situation, especially since Peru lacks the kind of organized institution with clear policies and relevant superorgajic such as FUNAI in Brazil. One quick note, folks: This is of course a highly ambiguous situation, in essence forcing people to live in imposed isolation.

Even the greatest inventions, he argues, will only take root if a culture is prepared to accept them. Or does anthropology have a unique method? Similarly, do not think of a community, an institution, a society as a human being.

What articles come to mind?

“The Superorganic,” or Kroeber’s hidden agenda.

By cleaning and curating a selection of open access, I hope to make open access resources better known and to raise awareness of the actual history of anthropological theory.

Folks, today I am beginning something new: But much of the blame can be laid at the feet of Kroeber himself. All living things, plants and kdoeber, are built up of inorganic elements, mainly hydrogen, oxygen and carbon, plus some trace elements.

Finally, Kroeber argues that the legitimacy of anthropology or history, these terms are used interchangeably in a way that modern readers may find strange is tied to the existence of culture. Kroeber occupies several positions here, and the loose ends in this section of his argument would be taken up by kroebe thinkers.


It is also important to emphasize that in asking this question, Kroeber clearly sees the importance superirganic biological anthropology and human evolutionary history to cultural anthropology.

Rex, allow me to recommend one of the very tthe articles I read in anthropology and one to whose lessons, I now realise, I find myself returning all the time.

Savage Minds

If other minds want to publish in the series, then they can do so too — who knows what projects they may want to cook up…. If you analyse all supeerorganic parts, in themselves, or even as a collection, they are not living. There is a parallel, therefore, in the relations between the inorganic and the organic, as between the organic and the superorganic. But if the organic causes the mental, the mental does not, then, cause the cultural. There is today a tremendous amount of material which is open access.

Over time I would like to work on the British side of the tradition, since that was actually how I was trained as well at least in undergrad. I will keep going until I complete a free anthology suitable for classroom use, or until I get bored. I hope that this will become one of a series of papers which present early anthropological theory in a form that is accessible to everyone.

But in doing so, he argues, we miss the cultural dimension of conduct that makes human lives so unique. It may have a life of its own, but its life more resembles an amoeba than a human. But to be honest the copyright issues with British authors are much more complicated than they are with American ones, and that makes things more difficult.