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In the infamous torture memos of , Yoo and Bybee, authorised “enhanced interrogation” techniques (EITs), acts previously recognised by. The Responsibility of the Faculty of the University at California at Berkeley in the Matter of the Torture Memo of Professor John Yoo A weblog. Former Justice Department lawyer John Yoo wrote in the New York Times op-ed that he had “grave concerns about Mr. Trump’s uses of.

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As Deputy Assistant U. It concludes that torture does not include “other acts of cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or totture because such language is found in a different article than the definition of torture, and because it appears that the convention does not intend to criminalize such action, but instead discourage it.

After Goldsmith was forced to resign because of his objections, Attorney General Ashcroft issued a one paragraph opinion re-authorizing the use of torture. Retrieved June 14, jobn Gonzales, Counsel to the President Re: He resigned he said, for several reasons but the main one was that, as a result of withdrawing the Torture Memos, “important people inside the administration had come to question my Secretary of State Colin Powell strongly opposed what he saw as an invalidation of the Geneva Conventions[16] while U.

They were repudiated by President Barack Obama on January 22,shortly after he took office.

United States Department of Justice. Judge Betty Fletchera member of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit for 30 years until her death inis quoted from a statement regarding Bybee:. Legal scholars speculated shortly thereafter that the case has little chance of successfully making it through the German court system.

John Yoo – Wikipedia

The memo examines the negotiating history of the Convention, and finds that the U. UC Berkeley School of Law. And in pushing the envelope, OLC took shortcuts in its opinion-writing procedures. Part three summarizes various techniques within the case law to outline the kind of conduct that the courts have previously found to be torture.

Torture Memos – Wikipedia

After the December release of the executive summary of the Senate Intelligence Committee report on CIA tortureErwin Chemerinskythen the dean of the University of California, Irvine School of Lawcalled for the prosecution of Yoo for his role in authoring the Torture Memos as “conspiracy to violate a federal statute”.


Bybee signed the legal memorandum that defined ” enhanced interrogation techniques ” including waterboardingwhich are now regarded as torture by the Justice Department, [42] Amnesty International, [43] Human Rights Watch, [44] medical experts, [45] [46] intelligence officials, [47] military judges, [48] and American allies.

The report concluded the CIA misled the White House and the public about the program and failed to disrupt a single plot. The statement to the contrary from the August 1,memorandum, quoted above, has been withdrawn and superseded, along with the entirety of the memorandum, and in any event I do not find that statement persuasive. For the Chinese-Australian pediatrician, see John Yu.

His preemptive rush, in a recent op-ed article for the Wall Street Journalto vindicate yooo Bush administration’s torture policies that he and Jay Bybee created betrays his guilt for approving one of the most reprehensible policies in US history — a policy of systematic torture that not only failed tortute provide actionable intelligence, but undermined the security of the United States. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

InAlberto Gonzales testified before Congress that the CIA sought the opinion after having captured Abu Zubaydah inwho was then believed to be a significant al-Qaeda figure who could provide important information to U. That reservation was mainly regarding Article One of the Convention, which defines torture, but it also states that the U.

Bradbury authored an additional memo dated Julyseeking to reconcile the interrogation techniques with new legal developments, including Hamdan v. Goldsmith’s tenure at OLC was ten months. However, in Augustthe Justice Department announced that those who had exceeded approved “techniques” might face prosecution. Part six of the memo is titled “Defenses” and concludes that “under the current circumstances, necessity or self-defense may justify interrogation methods that might violate Section A.

Yoo is currently the Emanuel S. The federal prohibition on torture, 18 U. Bradburyruling on the legality of the authorized techniques if agents followed certain constraints.

Bush continues to wield power”San Francisco Chroniclepage E-2 of print edition, September 10, In DecemberYoo’s memo on permissible interrogation techniques, also known as the Bybee memowas repudiated as legally unsound by the OLC, then under the direction of Jack Goldsmith. Navycampaigned internally against what he saw as the “catastrophically poor legal reasoning” and dangerous extremism of Yoo’s legal opinions. Archived from the original on January 15, The Padilla complaint, on page 20, cited Goldsmith’s book The Terror Presidency in support of its case.


But the inescapable fact is that war shifts power to the branch most responsible for its waging: The memo provided legal authorization and OLC approval for a more limited set of actions for use when interrogating high-value detainees. Show 25 25 50 All. Cheney said he was not concerned that the torture program ensnared victims of mistaken identity, and said he had no regrets. Intestimony to Congress, Harold Hongju Kohdean of the Yale Law School and former Assistant Secretary for Human Rights in the Bill Clinton administrationcalled the 1 August memo “perhaps the most clearly erroneous legal opinion I have ever read”, which “grossly overreads the president’s constitutional power”.

Or, as another memo says in a footnote, “Our office recently concluded that the Fourth Amendment had no application to domestic military operations. He also authored the so-called Torture Memoswhich concerned the use of what the Central Intelligence Agency called enhanced interrogation techniques including waterboarding.

This page was last edited on 1 Decemberat Jay Bybee addressed a memorandum to John A. Following accounts of the Abu Ghraib torture and prisoner abuse scandal in Iraq, one of the memos was leaked to the press in June In the second section, the memo admits difficulty in finding any clear definition for the “severe pain or suffering” required by the torture statute which is also required by the UN Convention.

The New York Times Magazine.

Torture Memos

Part two of this memorandum goes into great detail how iohn techniques described in part one will be applied in Abu Zubaydah ‘s case. Archived from the original on September 30, He suggested that Presidents could act in conflict with the Supreme Court, but that such measures were justified only during emergencies.

Xenakis, an assistant editor at The National Interest. Archived from the original on March 30, Senate report last week could violate anti-torture laws. Department of JusticeOffice of Legal Counsel.