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The Division Of Nature (Periphyseon). John Scotus Eriugena. Book I. TEACHER: Often I investigate as carefully as I can and reflect that of all things which can. John Scotus Eriugena (c/) Works (Selected List). Periphyseon ( The Division of Nature, ) Such is the first division of nature into genera. Eriugena is mainly remembered for his volu- minous work the Periphyseon [On Nature] or, in its Latin title, De Divisione. Naturae [The Division of Nature).

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John Scottus Eriugena

This will have dramatically important consequences in Erigena’s theory on the return of things to God. But of course, since everything is an Idea erougena the divine mind, this definition applies not only to human nature but to all other things too. The Martianus commentary is most famous for its apparent espousal of a non-Ptolemaic account of the movement of the planets in Book Seven on astronomy.

Eric and Remigius of Auxerre exhibit that influence, as does Berengar. In the thirteenth century, expressions such as these led to the accusation of heresy, i.

John Scottus Eriugena (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Eriugena employs dialectic to highlight the contradictions inherent in human nature: His translations eriugenaa the Greek made the basic tenets of Neoplatonism known in the West. Eriugena’s uniqueness lies in the fact that, quite remarkably for a scholar in Western Europe in the Carolingian era, he had considerable familiarity with the Greek language, affording him access to the Greek Christian theological tradition, from the Cappadocians to Gregory of Nyssa, hitherto almost entirely unknown in the Latin West.


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John Scotus Eriugena (c.810/815-877)

God is first, and hence man comes after. The most important aspect of this teaching of Erigena’s is the conviction that the substance of things, their real being, consists in their being known. The divine self-creation or self-manifestation I.

Here we must dispose of the charge of pantheism. The primordial causes or Ideas are in the Word; while they are many, the Word is one.

Eriugena’s exceptional learning would be sufficient to distinguish him from contemporary Carolingian divisipn, such as Alcuin and Sedulius Scottus; but his true and lasting genius lay in his ability to combine elements from these auctores into a new cosmological framework which is rationally argued to the highest degree.

Thus Eriugena was forced to depart from his original plan of four books and add a fifth. In an attempt to determine what predicates can be attributed to God, Erigena appeals to the Aristotelian categories.

The eagle sees more clearly the form of the sun; so the wise man sees more clearly its position and movement in space and time. University of Notre Dame Press.

Thus his critic Prudentius remarked: His familiarity with Aristotle was also indirect — through the anonymous but widely circulated compilation, Categoriae decemthe Pseudo-Augustinian paraphrase of Aristotle’s Categories.

Sprachform des Denkens bei Eriugena, Heidelberg: Interest in Eriugena was revived by Thomas Gale’s first printed edition of Erigena asks after the etymology of the Greek term for God, “theos,” and suggests that it comes sscotus from the Greek word for seeing or from the word meaning to run.


John Scotus Eriugena (Boston Collaborative Encyclopedia of Western Theology)

God has existential knowledge, but no circumscribing knowledge of His essence, since, as infinite, He is uncircumscribable:. That is, to be a man is not to be an angel and vice versa. The creative power of God cannot be comprehended by the intellect.

If we consider reason and authority, with the latter comprising both Scripture and the Fathers’ interpretation of it, we can say that reason comes before the authority of the Fathers — we do not blindly accept their views — but that in the study of Scripture faith must precede reason.

Any use of them to speak of God must involve transference, or metaphor. Periphyseon The Division of Nature. This may seem to be a curious definition, but Erigena presents five different understandings eruigena the opposition of being and nonbeing kn make his usage under standable: The first critical editions of his major works were not produced until the twentieth century.

Sacrae scripturae interpretatio infinita estII. Scotus Erigena knew Greek well, a rare accomplishment and one which he put to good purpose. Eriugena enthusiastically incorporated many Greek Christian theological concepts. The differentiae of these divisions are as follows: Eriugena works out damnation as a kind of privation: Huber, Johannes Scotus Erigena: