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Shaykh Muhammad al-Tahir Ibn Ashur is the most renowned Zaytuna Imam and one of the great Islamic scholars of the 20th century. Ibn ʿĀs̲h̲ūr. ( words)., patronymic of a family of Idrīsid descent and Moroccan origin which settled in Muslim, Spain. It is said that ʿĀs̲h̲ūr, fleeing from. Muhammad al-Tahir ibn ‘Ashur is the author of Ibn Ashur ( avg rating, 12 ratings, 1 review, published ) and Book-in-Brief ( avg rating, 0 rati.

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His grandfather was especially renowned. He was a teacher at Zaytuna all his life. Because the shari’ah is universal, it must not be restricted to a single culture. Muslim scholars of the Maliki School. He suggested that comments seemingly to the contrary from Imam al-Shafi’i and Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal must be distortions of their work.

Further, while written words are less ashurr to distortion, the spoken word is actually more likely to convey the speaker’s intent. He positioned himself as a bridge between the classical Islamic legal heritage and the needs of a modern world.

He said, “Ijtihad is a collective duty fard al-kifayah on the community according to the measure of need in the community’s countries and situations. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. For example, the mandate of keeping raisin juice in certain kinds of containers comes from the fact that in the heat of the Hijaz the juice would quickly ferment.

He thus turns the classical reading around, while still connecting the Prophetic history with the Qur’anic text in a more logical way. This tells us that the law is based on reason. Views Read Edit View history. The shari’ah came down in the Arabic language to ihn Arabic people, and therefore its coloring and style are Arabic. This article needs additional citations for verification. His work on the ultimate purposes of Shari’a represented an ashru to revive the maqasid theory of Shatibi and an effort to renew Islamic legal theory.

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One of the most fascinating approaches to the issue of coherence between Qur’an 2: He is famous for rejecting Habib Bourguiba ‘s president of Tunisia request for a fatwa to justify abandoning the fast of the month of Ramadan because it harmed productivity. It was clear to him that the lack of ijtihad had grave consequences. When he entered Zaytunacare was made to provide him the best teachers.

Learn how and when to remove these template messages. Responding ashug modern challenges to Islamic traditions, Ibn Ashur called for substantive reforms in Islamic education. His references to the great works of law are respectful, but he does not hesitate to point out shortcomings. He claimed that the discipline of usul al-fiqh had reached its limits and become over-burdened with methodological technicalities.

Inn Ashur believes that al-Shafi’i was misunderstood as accepting a solitary hadith over the larger context and that Ahmad ibn Hanbal was misrepresented as accepting a weak hadith over qiyas. He historicizes Qur’anic verses the same way classical scholars have done through the concept of abrogation Naskh and occasions of revelation Asbab al-Nuzulbut takes the Maqasid al-Shari’ah welfare objectives of the Islamic law into account where a restriction on freedom of religion would violate the preservation of religion and intellect Hifz al-Din wa al-‘Aql.

Ibn Ashur called for ijtihad in the strongest terms. Therefore, the maqasid of the shari’ah must be engaged. In cold climates, that would not apply. The family had shown dedication to the pursuit of ashud for generations. In fact, to stubbornly hold onto superficialities without understanding the intent is to “expose the shari’ah to being dismissed disdainfully.

He was a writer and author on the subject of reforming Islamic education and jurisprudence. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.

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This page was last edited on 9 Novemberat He wanted to see Muslims coming forth to practice ijtihad for the global community. Muhammad al-Tahir ibn Ashur was born in Tunis in to an affluent family and died in at age Ibn Ashur asserted the view that language is fundamentally ambiguous and is not enough to determine the intent of a speaker. However, its intent is universal and so ibm be intelligible everywhere.

Ibn Ashur: Treatise on Maqasid Al-Shari’ah

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Le Cheikh-el-islam Tahar Ben Achour”. His strongest argument against it is that the literal occasions that the Zahiri hold onto are quite limited, but that people around the world encounter many more. In contrast, the return of generations to Medina to assess the meaning of a statement shows the importance of understanding ibnn. This article has multiple issues.

Ibn Ashur : Muhammad Al-Tahir Ibn Ashur :

He called for a group of mujtahids from countries around the world, from different madhahib schoolsto address the needs of the community, as the basis for a renewal of civilisation. Ibn Ashur questioned the juridical weight of an isolated hadith in determining legislation. Jbn by a visit to Tunisia by Muhammad Abduh, Ibn Ashur combined knowledge of the classics with a desire to revive Islamic civilization.

Mohamed Fadhel Ashuf Achour. Appropriate legal responses to situations in the modern world cannot be found by delving deeper and deeper into the meaning of a word. Instead, legislative value should be sought from the totality of shari’ah.