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J. L. ACKRILL, Aristotle’s Categories and De Interpretatione. Translated with Notes (Clarendon Aristotle Series). Oxford, Clarendon Press, VII, p. Pr. sh. Aristotle’s Categories is a singularly important work of philosophy. It not only .. Ackrill finds Aristotle’s division of quality at best unmotivated. The Categories is a text from Aristotle’s Organon that enumerates all the possible kinds of Aristotle’s own text in Ackrill’s standard English version is: Of things.

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First, it is far from clear that either method actually produces Aristotle’s list. Some aristote interpreted Aristotle as classifying concepts. First, anyone who is comfortable with relational properties will no doubt find Aristotle’s discussion somewhat confused.

Nor does he give any criterion for deciding that a given quality is or is not a [habit-or-disposition]; why, for example, should affective qualities be treated as a class quite distinct from [habits and dispositions]? But the mode qristotle determination of the subject, in regard to action or passion, is considered in the second and third species of quality.

In the Predicamenta, Aristotle discusses in detail the categories of substance 2a12—4b19quantity 4b20—6a36relatives 6a37—8b24and quality 8b25—11a39and aristotpe a cursory treatment of the other categories 11b1— Moreover, it was aristoyle far the orthodox interpretation caregories Aristotle’s Medieval interpreters.

Although Aristotle does not discuss the different kinds of secondary substances in the Categoriesvarious remarks he makes throughout his corpus suggest that he would divide secondary substances into at least the following kinds DA a17, a21, a35, Meta.

Indeed, he argues in the Physics that form and matter are necessary for the existence of motion, which, he thinks, essentially characterizes bodies. The Categories divides naturally into three distinct parts — what have come to be known as the Pre-Predicamenta chs.

Aristotle’s Categories and De Interpretatione

So, for instance, we might adopt a realist perspective and hence assume that there is some correct metaphysically privileged list of mind and language independent highest kinds as well as a correct account of the relations between them.

The way in which I have characterized the concepts of said-of and present-in is, as I have said, natural and relatively straightforward. Please try again later. Aristotle Aristotle, General Topics: Consider, for instance, body. Second, Aristotle’s category of relatives raises interpretive issues, in particular the issue concerning what exactly his categorical scheme is meant to classify.


The work ends with a brief consideration of the word ‘have’ and its usage. This problem could of course be alleviated somewhat if instead of merely appealing to modal structures as such, one could appeal to modal structures that arguably Aristotle would have thought are part of the very fabric of the world.

He takes as evidence for his interpretation Aristotle’s remarks in Topics I 9. After quality, Aristotle’s discussion of individual categories becomes very sparse. East Dane Designer Men’s Fashion. Customers who bought this item also bought.

First, we have ample evidence that Aristotle was sensitive to language and the structures inherent in it.

Aristotle’s Categories (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

In other words, although Aristotle countenanced relational predicates, and though he certainly thought that objects in the world are related to other objects, he did not accept relations as a genuine type of entity.

There are categofies reasons to think that Aristotle is not primarily interested in words but rather in the objects in the world to which words correspond. Any sensible particular, substance, event, sound, etc. In fact, the essence of any species, according to Categoriess, consists in its genus and the differentia that together with that genus defines the species.

Apostle’s Aristotle’s Categories and Propositions. Aristotle’s De Interpretatione 8 is About Ambiguity. All we get for an answer from the Categories is that number is a discrete quantity.

Second, and more importantly, the attention that Aquinas gives to the category of quality is indicative of one of the most important facts about Aristotle’s categories, namely its profound historical importance in the development of metaphysical speculation. Now, once this basic pattern is before us, we can ask the following question: Whether in the Categories Aristotle intended to restrict the class of primary substances to just members of natural kinds turns out to be among the more fategories topics in Aristotle scholarship.

Aquinas, for instance, says the following about the catsgories in his Summa Theologiae:.

There is considerable debate about whether Aristotle thought all three parts belong to a single work, and if he did, why he thought they are all needed for the work to be a unified whole. Although space does not permit him to exhaust every topic, his notes are very helpful, and all in all the commentary is far superior to other commentaries on the Categories or the De Interpretatione known to me e.


Added aritsotle PP index Total downloads 1 1, of 2, Recent downloads 6 months 1of 2, How can I increase my downloads? Kelly and Hans Josef Niederhe eds. Page 1 of 1 Start over Page 1 of 1. Did Aristotle write the Categories? Ackrill is at University of Oxford.

And therefore in both, we take into account whether a thing be done with ease or difficulty; whether it be transitory or lasting.

Categories and de Interpretatione. So by examining the details of the predicates in our language, we have some grounds for distinguishing between the category of substance and the accidental categories. The Doctrine of Being in the Aristotelian Metaphysics3d ed.

Consider, for instance, a maple tree. So again we are once again f forced to admit just how difficult it is to pin down a precise interpretation of Aristotle’s work. In this respect, it can be compared to the quantifier in Twentieth century metaphysics. Aristotle’s “Categories” and “On Intepretation” are part of the logica categorids the logica vetus comprises these two works, Porphyry’s Isagoge, four commentaries of Boethius, and the anonymous “Liber sex principiorum”, and until about the logica vetus was the standard set of texts every scholar was expected to have read.

So why should there be two distinct categories, namely action and passion, rather than just one, namely motion? His favorite examples are an individual man and a horse 1a20, 2a Cqtegories, for instance, criticizes Aristotle as follows:. Retrieved from ” https: They are “perhaps the single most heavily discussed of all Aristotelian notions”. Next, he distinguishes between what is said “of” a subject and what is “in” a subject.