Buddhist liturgy is a formalized service of veneration and worship performed within a Buddhist The concept of gongyō is also common in Japanese Pure Land Buddhist schools such as Jodo Shu and Jodo Shinshu. . SGI-USA. p. vi. ISBN ^ Nichiren-Shu Service Book: Dharma, Nichiren. Soka Gakkai International (SGI) members put into practice the teachings of In Nichiren Buddhism, gongyo means to recite part of the Expedient Means (2nd). For a full explanation of the meaning of the passages we recite in gongyo, it is worth reading SGI President Daisaku Ikeda’s lectures in the book The Heart of the.
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Ushitora Gongyo takes place in the Grand Reception Hall of Head Temple Taisekiji and follows the format of the five-prayer morning gongyo service. In traditional Jodo Shinshu Buddhism, lay practitioners may also chant a hymn written by Shinran called the Shoshingewhich is not a sutra per segobgyo expounds the lineage with which Jodo Shinshu owes its beliefs.
August Learn how and when to remove this template message. The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. Part of a series on. The sutra recitation now takes only about 5 minutes, leaving more time for the primary practice of chanting Nam-myoho-renge-kyo .
Nichiren Shoshu Basics of Practicepp.
The first two presidents, Tsunesaburo Makiguchi and Josei Toda, taught members “not to hire priests to chant, as had long been customary, but to chant for themselves, a change they found both disarming and empowering” . The number of recitations depends on which silent prayer is to be offered.
The word Gongyo originated in ancient China; although nowadays it is more often used in Buddhism, it first appeared in the Taoism classic Zhuang Zi. In larger Pure Land temples, the daily service is performed by priests or ministers, and lay people can optionally attend and recite along if they wish. University of California Press.
Currently, after the recitation of the 2nd chapter and the verse section of the 16th chapter, daimoku is chanted for as long as desired, after which all the silent prayers are said to syi gongyo.
Buddhist liturgy – Wikipedia
The liturgy mainly consists of chanting or reciting a sutra or passages from a sutra, a mantra especially in Vajrayanaand several gathas. Retrieved from ” https: The significance of performing Ushitora Gongyo at this time of day derives from earlier Buddhist teachings that describe the hour of the ox as “the end of darkness” and the hour gonyyo the tiger as “the beginning gongjo light,” and ones that describe all Buddhas as having attained enlightenment at this time.
This page was last edited on 29 Decemberat The gongyo of Shingon Buddhism differs amongst various sub-sects, but all of them mainly recite the Hannya Shingyothe mantras of the Thirteen Buddhas and other mantras, the Light Mantraand the gohogo ; the saintly name of Kukai. The passage from the hour of the ox to the hour of the tiger therefore symbolizes the transition from the unenlightened condition of a common mortal to the enlightened condition of a Buddha, so the performance of gongyo gonguo this hour serves as a reminder of the true fongyo of Buddhist practice: You may improve this articlediscuss the issue on the talk pageor create a new articleas appropriate.
Note gonfyo the number of or the length of time daimoku is chanted between the final sutra recitation and silent prayer, is discretionary. Some, like Nichiren Shoshu and Nichiren Shu has a prescribed formula which is longheld in their practice use, while others such as Soka Gakkai International variedly changes their Gongyo formats depending on modernity, the most recent being the edition of their liturgy format. The central practice of these schools is the recitation of the name of Amidaalso called the nembutsubut in daily practice a Pure Land practitioner will also chant excerpts of the Larger Sutra of Immeasurable Lifeparticular the sections titled the Sanbutsuge or the Juseigeand in some temples chanting the entire Smaller Sutra of Immeasurable Gongjo may occur once daily or alternatively only on more formal occasions.
The silent prayers currently are: Views Read Gohgyo View history. By the 90s, prayers of appreciation for the priesthood were abandoned. Gkngyo rubbing of Juzu prayer beads is prohibited during both Gongyo and Shodai or prolonged chanting in Nichiren Shoshu.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. It is often done one or more times a day and can vary amongst the TheravadaMahayanaand Vajrayana sects. Depending on what practice the practitioner wishes to undertake, it can be done at a temple or fongyo home. Nichiren Shu has many types of gongyo a person can perform.
The times for these services will vary depending on the individual branch, and individual temple. During the Sui and Tang dynasties, the buddhist philosophy developed dramatically in central China, and was influenced by Taoism.
It is emphasized by the Soka Gakkai, however, that more important than the wording of the prayers is the practitioner’s heartfelt intent in doing gongyo and expressing his or her appreciation and desires .
Though in principle Nichiren Shoshu clergy and lay practitioners alike perform gongyo following the three-prayer—five-prayer format passed down through the ages at Head Temple Taisekiji, sometimes people under schedule pressure perform shorter variations while increasing the amount of daimoku they offer.
The traditional Chinese Buddhist liturgy for morning chanting simplified Chinese: All three terms are common Japanese words and none is specific to any particular sect or school. The current format has evolved over the years.
What is Gongyo?
The full Life Span of the Tathagata Chapter is recited only for the second prayer an expression of appreciation to the Dai-Gohonzon ; for all others, only the “verse” portion is recited.
Sggi liturgy is a formalized service of veneration and worship performed within a Buddhist Sangha community in nearly every traditional denomination and sect in the Buddhist world. Offering the gohgyo entails reciting gonyo Expedient Means second and the Life Span of the Tathagata sixteenth chapters of the Lotus Sutra ; the silent prayers are five formal meditations expressing gratitude for the Three Treasures as defined in Nichiren Shoshuand the merit accrued through Buddhist practices.
Nichiren established no formal procedure for gongyo other than the recitation of the 2nd and 16th chapters of the Lotus Sutra, and at times even just the verse section of the 16th chapter.
A typical order for chanting at these services is: Four Stages Arhat Buddha Bodhisattva. Hence the format had changed from time to time through the centuries.
A shorter hymn called the Juniraithe Twelve Praises of Amidacan be used as well. In the Soka Gakkai gkngyo, gongyo is performed to “return to the very foundation of our lives” and “draw wisdom” from inherent Buddha nature and achieves “the fusion or reality and wisdom” .