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He originated the concept of Lebensraum, or “living space,” which relates human groups to the spatial units where they develop. Though Ratzel pointed out the. in the work of Friedrich Ratzel and his formulation of the concept of Lebensraum. The paper argues that the Ratzelian Lebensraum must be viewed as a concept. The concept of Lebensraum—or “living space”—served as a critical component in Renowned German geographer Friedrich Ratzel coined the term in

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This important book was probably the first political geography to tackle each problem methodically and to treat the friwdrich scientifically. In Mein KampfHitler dedicated a full chapter titled “Eastern Orientation or Eastern Policy”, outlining the need for the new ‘living space’ for Germany.

The history of earlier contributions by wikipedians is accessible to researchers here:. Cook; Geoffrey Murray According to Ratzel, cities are the best place to study people because life is “blended, compressed, and accelerated” in cities, and they bring out the rxtzel, best, most typical aspects of people”.

Upon his return inRatzel became a lecturer in geography at the Technical High School in Munich. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Ratzel joined the army, and traveled through Lebdnsraum and over the Carpathians, where he saw villages with German people living in a foreign land.

Find out more about page archiving. This page was last edited on 17 Decemberat New World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article in accordance with New World Encyclopedia standards.


Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval. Popular journalists wrote articles with titles such as ‘To the East! Space, for Ratzel, was a vague concept, theoretically unbounded.


For political expediency, the Nazis continually modified their racist politics towards non—Germanic peoples, and so friedrih redefined the ideological meaning of Lebensraumin order to collaborate with other peoples, in service to Reich foreign policy.

During the outbreak of Franco-Prussian war inhe joined the Prussian army and was wounded twice during the war. In practice, the number and assortment of Nazi racial categories indicated that “East is bad and West is acceptable”; thus, a person’s “race” was a matter of life or death in a country under Nazi occupation.

In the twenty-one year inter-war period, between the First —18 and the Second —45 world wars, Lebensraum for Germany was the principal tenet of the extremist nationalism that characterised friedricn party politics in Germany. He spent six years at La Fontaine Gymnasium in Karlsruhe, before being apprenticed at friedtich age of fifteen, to an apothecary at Eichtersheim, a village between Karlsruhe and Heidelberg.

In his later years Ratzel took a keen interest in contemporary philosophy, and in his Politische Geographie he attempted to combine practical politics with physical-philosophical material. The real frontier is the one that separates the Germanic world from the Slav world.

This space in Russia must always be dominated by Germans. Eitam argues that, ultimately, Israel should strive to force or ‘persuade’ all Arabs and Palestinians to leave Israel and the occupied territories—to be accommodated in Jordan and the Sinai Egypt After the war he studied briefly at Munich with the naturalist-ethnographer Moritz Wagner, who exerted a strong influence on his subsequent career.

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He went to a high school in Karlsruhe for 6 years before he was apprenticed to an apothecary in Concerning the geographic extent of the Greater Germanic ReichAdolf Hitler rejected the Ural Mountains as an adequate, eastern border for Germany, that such mid-sized mountains would not make do as the boundary between the “European and Asiatic worlds”; that only a living wall of racially pure Aryans would make do as a border; and that permanent war in the East would “preserve the ratxel of the race”:.


Second Thoughts ForewordEd. Hitler’s Master Plan For Expansion. Mein Kampf ‘Mein Kampf’: But by he was arguing that ‘an alliance between Russia and Germany can come about only when Jewry is removed’, and, bywhen he came to write Mein Kampfhe had concluded that Russia would be the target for Germany’s drive to acquire Lebensraum. London, United Kingdom, pp.

Lebensrau, his recovery from wounds suffered in the Franco-Prussian war, he studied for a short while at Munich, where he met the geologist Karl von Zittel and Moritz Wagner, the curator of the university ethnographical museum, whose ideas on the importance of the migration of species made a lasting impression on him.

Lebensraum – Wikipedia

We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. The first volume deals mainly with the causes or dynamic aspects of human distributions, and the second emphasizes the static aspects. He received his Ph.

Inhe went to Ratel on the Lake of ZurichSwitzerlandwhere he began to study the classics. If anyone asks where we obtain the right to extend the Germanic space to the east, we reply that, for a nation, its awareness of what it represents carries this right with it.

These were indeed a “blueprint for aggression”, or, as the professor called them, “a grasp at world power”: Berkhoff, Harvest of Despair: Informed by the blood and soil Blut und Boden beliefs of ethnic identity—a philosophic basis of Lebensraum —Nazi policy required destroying the USSR for the lands of Russia to become the granary of Germany.

Friedrich Ratzelborn Aug. The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Retrieved from ” https: