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The concept of stereotype threat could be considered to be the inverse of the Pygmalion effect, as it denotes a negative form of self-fulfilling prophecy. Influence of student behavior on teacher’s self-evaluation.

Teachers reflect what is projected into them by their students. A corollary of the Pygmalion effect is the golem effectin which low efcto lead to a decrease in performance; [1] both effects are forms of self-fulfilling prophecy.

Robert Rosenthal and Lenore Jacobson ‘s study showed that, if teachers were led to expect enhanced performance from children, then the children’s performance was enhanced. Leader expectations of the employee may alter leader behavior.

This page was last edited on 18 Decemberat A major limitation has also been the lack of replication. For example, Clever Hans would be given a math problem to solve, and the audience would get very tense the closer he tapped his foot to the right number, thus giving Hans the clue he needed to tap the correct number of times.


My Fair Lady In turn, the employee participates in more learning behavior. Soon after Pygmalion’ s publication, Robert L.

O efecto Pigmalión na aula de interpretación | Lara Domínguez Araújo –

All students in a single California elementary school were given a disguised IQ test at the beginning of the study. An experiment done by Jenkins and Deno submitted teachers to a classroom of children who had either been told to be attentive, or unattentive, to the teachers’ lecture. All six grades in both experimental and control groups showed a mean gain in IQ from before the test to after the test.

The Pygmalion effector Rosenthal effectis the phenomenon whereby others’ expectations of a target person affect the target person’s performance.

Pygmalion effect

This behavior that is expressed toward an employee can affect the behaviors of the employee in favor of the leader’s expectations. This study supported the hypothesis that reality can be positively or negatively influenced by the expectations of others, called the observer-expectancy effect. These scores were not disclosed to teachers. These factors were brought about by Rosenthal’s model of the Pygmalion effect. Pygmalion Galatea Pygmalion Totalmente Demais They found that teachers who were in the attentive condition would rate their teaching skills as higher.

Leaders will show more leader behaviors such as leader-member exchange trust, respect, obligation, etc. For instance, whenever Clever Hans was asked a question the observers’ demeanor usually elicited a certain behavior from the subject that in turn confirmed their expectations.


This led to the conclusion that teacher expectations, particularly for the youngest children, can influence student achievement. However, First and Second Graders showed statistically significant gains favoring the experimental group of “intellectual bloomers”.

The role of leader behaviors”. Rosenthal predicted that elementary school teachers may subconsciously behave in ways that facilitate and encourage the students’ success.

Handbook of Psychology volume Rosenthal argued that biased expectancies could affect pimalion and create self-fulfilling prophecies.

Teachers are also affected by the children in the classroom. American Educational Research Journal, 5 4 By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Pygmalion in the classroom: At the end of the study, all students were again tested with the pigmalioh IQ-test used at the beginning of the study.