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Welcome to the most trusted and comprehensive Calandria Evaporators directory on the Internet. A broad range of Calandria Evaporators resources are. Office · Contact Form. +. KCHT CALANDRIA EVAPORATOR. Home HEAT TRANSFER LAB. KCHT CALANDRIA EVAPORATOR. Product Categories. Our range includes 4 types of evaporators: Evaporator choosing criteria: ▫ product . Falling film evaporator. Calandria. Head. Vapour separator. Calandria, .

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In the heat exchanger section, called a calandria in this type of evaporator, steam condenses in the outer jacket and the liquid being evaporated boils on the inside of the tubes and in the space above the upper tube plate. Circulation is created by the difference in specific gravity between the body liquor and the heated liquor and vapor generated inside the tubes, plus a vapor lift effect.

Thermal Kinetics Evaporator Selection Guide. The rise in the temperature of boiling reduces the available temperature drop, assuming no change in the heat source.

Calandria Evaporators

Heat transfer in evaporators is governed by the equations for heat transfer to boiling liquids and by the convection and conduction equations. The condensed liquid can either be pumped from the system or discharged through a tall barometric column in which a static column of liquid balances the atmospheric pressure. Major objections to other forms of heating, such as direct firing or electric resistance heaters, arise because of the need to avoid local high temperatures and because of the high costs in the case of electricity.

The temperature differences are small so that the arithmetic mean temperature can be used for the heat exchanger condenser.


In a jet condenser, the vapours are mixed with a stream of condenser water sufficient in quantity to transfer latent heat from the vapours. The steam comes either directly from a boiler or from a previous stage of evaporation in another evaporator.


Unit Operations in Food Processing. When the vapour pressure of the liquid reaches the pressure of its surroundings, the liquid boils.

Swenson Recognized with Export Leadership Award. Design and supply of internal pump forced circulation evaporators. Calanddria evaporators that are working under reduced pressure, a condenser, to remove the bulk of the volume of the vapours by condensing them to a liquid, often precedes the vacuum pump.

The Swenson calandria evaporator is applied less often today than it was years ago, though there are still a number of companies that prefer this evaporator for calanria applications.

However, with dissolved solids in increasing quantities as evaporation proceeds leading to increased viscosity and poorer circulation, heat transfer coefficients in practice may be much lower than this. Parts Center Parts SwensonTechnology. Condensers for the vapour may czlandria either surface or jet condensers.

Swenson Technology is a global leader in the design and supply of chemical process equipment for separation. In the centre of the cylinder there is a steam heating section, with pipes passing through it in which the evaporating liquors rise. Vacuum Evaporation For the evaporation of liquids that are adversely affected by high temperatures, it may be necessary to reduce the temperature of boiling by operating under reduced pressure.

Acid recovery systems include diffusion dialysis acid purification systems, vacuum evaporators, distillation and fractionation systems and acid filtration systems. In some cases the temperatures of condensing steam may be too high for the product and hot water may be used. New York – Upstate.

Perhaps because of this uncertainty, many evaporator designs have tended to follow traditional patterns of which the calandria type of Fig. The calandria evaporator has a heat exchanger with tubes usually less than six feet long integral with the vapor body.


Capabilities include design, engineering, fabrication, construction and installation. Assume, calandriia, that the specific heat of the solution is the same as for water, that is 4.

The calandria evaporator can be used for salting-type applications; however, an agitator located inside or beneath the downcomer is recommended to suspend the salt crystals in the lower portion of the body. The reduced pressures required to boil the liquor at lower temperatures are obtained by mechanical or steam jet ejector vacuum pumps, combined generally with eva;orator for the vapours from the evaporator.

Yet another complication is that measured, overall, heat transfer coefficients have been found to vary with the actual temperature drop, so that the design of an evaporator on theoretical grounds is inevitably subject to wide margins evapodator uncertainty. Welcome to evapirator most trusted and comprehensive Calandria Evaporators directory on the Internet. In many evaporators, all three sections are contained in a single vertical cylinder.

Mechanical vacuum pumps are generally cheaper in running costs but more expensive in terms of capital than are steam jet ejectors.

Vacuum pumps are then left to deal with the non-condensibles, which of course are much less in volume but still have to be discharged to the atmosphere. Evaporation is thus a process that is often used by the food technologist. Heat exchange area for a surface condenser for an evaporator What heat exchange area would be required for a surface condenser working under the same conditions as the jet condenser in Example 8.

Inspection and testing of bulk storage facilities, piping systems and secondary containment systems is available. New Jersey – North.