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for the use of the Brunel Mood Scale (BRUMS) in the SA context. A M Lane; unpublished User Guide for the Brunel Mood Scale . screening questionnaire. This assessment is based on the Brunel Mood Scale (BRUMS) that was developed to provide a quick assessment of mood states among adolescent and adult. The item Brunel Mood Scale (BRUMS: Terry et al., ; ) has the questionnaire from Malay versions to English (back-translation).

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These questions were used to compare means of moods, depending on the variables mentioned in the literature, allowing the visualization of the use of the scale in the research.

Despite the demonstrated psychometric strength of the ITAMS, further exploration of its psychometric characteristics is necessary. Educational and Industrial Testing Services. Fatores de stress em jogadores de futebol profissional [tese]. Topics Discussed in This Paper. Over the past 30 years he has provided psychological support to more than 1, international and professional performers, queshionnaire a host of Olympic medallists.

Validity of the Brunel Mood Scale for use With Malaysian Athletes

However, research has pointed out that the item POMS can appear lengthy for research in situations where brevity is paramount. Testing structural equation models. The questionnaire does not generate an overall score, and each scale should be examined individually, although the constructs are related.

Questionnaire administration took about minutes to complete. Manual for the profile of mood states. The POMS is a single adjective checklist and as such, it cannot distinguish whether the subjective feeling state is a mood or sscale emotion Beedie et al.


The scale has also been cross-validated for use with Hungarian, Italian Lane, Soos et al.

Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 9, Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte, 14, Tests of measurement invariance across males and females. Research interest Moods, emotionand coping strategy E-mail: Where discrepancies emerged between the original and the translated form of the BRUMS, the first two authors proposed possible alternatives.

Journal of Sports Sciences[ PubMed ]. This profile, resembling an iceberg, reflects higher scores on vigour positive moodand lower scores on tension, depression, anger, fatigue, and confusion negative moods [4].

The data collection sessions were conducted by the second and the third authors. Two key areas are important here; the first is the extent to which people have accurate insights to how they are feeling.

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The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author s or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, moor accordance with accepted academic practice. We suggest that this be extended to examining the nature sca,e emotions in different cultures and the research should begin with examining validity issues as validity is such an important aspect of the scientific process.

This model included an additional higher order latent factor on the negative mood factors Fig. When analyzing the results of the mood states, it is suggested that researchers investigate these characteristic differences in their populations, thereby reducing the possibility of error in the data analysis.


This is evident from the number of researches that have been conducted in this area [3]. Three experts initially translated the BRUMS into Italian independently and then agreed upon a consensual version of the translation through discussion.

Brunel Mood Scale (BRUMS): an instrument for early detection of overtraining syndrome

Emotion, mood, affect, psychometrics, testing, construct validity. We suggest future research should look to explore the nature of emotion and mood in different cultures. To examine the content validity, five people who were competent in psychology rated the clarity of each item in the translated version using a 4-point rating scale as follows: Given that BRUMS [10] was originally developed with English as the medium of instruction, adaptation of this measurement scale in Malaysian samples necessitates further assessment of its psychometric properties for at least two reasons.

Researchers have studied affective constructs such as emotion brrunel mood in the context of sport and exercise domains for many decades e. Received 27 August ; accepted 25 January ; published 28 January 1. Subsequent research that has tested the factor structure of the BRUMS has been supported in specific-sports such as wakeboarding Fazackerley et al.

A review and synthesis.

In that study, item 24 cross loaded on tension subscale.