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ASTM D Standard Test Method for Static Coefficient of Friction of Polish- Coated Flooring Surfaces as Measured by the James Machine. Jan 5, The ASTM E slip resistance test standard defines the British pendulum . ASTM D is the basis of the testing of floor “waxes” (floor. Oct 31, ABIC Testing Laboratories, Inc. was authorized to test the following samples of metal floor panels for static coefficient of friction (SCOF).

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Which one is the right test for your application? The HPS is no longer commercially available.

Slip Resistance Testing Standards in 2018

ASTM is a type of test that is approved for both wet and dry testing. Dry testing — particularly before the alleged accident and on a periodic monitoring basis traction auditing — can help establish that the floor was safe or anti-slip when dry. Request a quote Share to email Send to printer. Test results are usually quoted as Pendulum Test Values to avoid the confusion that results when different devices are used to give different values of coefficient of friction.

At present the BOTE, modern British pendulum tester, and Tortus are the most useful and reliable floor friction testers to aid in accident prevention.

Measurements can be made in accordance with the following standards, except that the contact area and the applied weight may differ:. This physical parameter for electrical connection materials and some mechanical connections is also important. Referenced Documents purchase separately The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard. Ashm it is necessary for a tribometer to pass this test, it is not sufficient in validating a scientific slip test instrument.

Since friction is not a property of a surface but of an interface, holding one surface of the interface the specification leather constant will provide a measure axtm the friction contribution of various polish surfaces to the interface.

It has been used for field testing, but is of limited utility in laboratory testing because it requires a long path length of flooring. The roots of D can be traced to the late s and Sidney James of Underwriters Laboratories, the inventor of the machine used in this standard. Its findings were published in There are several aztm An anti-slip floor or slip resistant floor will be anti-slip for someone who is in motion moving across qstm floor.


Many machines have d20047 created to measure coefficient of friction. The Brungraber Mark uses an angle that is set to a certain degree and a 10 pound weight is released. Each ASTM standard is complied by numerous tests being done by various sources.

Many other parties benefit financially from these accidents or sale of the slippery flooring that often causes them: The method applies only to the HPS and not to any other device. ASTM also withdrew this standard in asstm no replacement. Dry slip resistance is not an indicator of wet slip resistance — in fact they often vary inversely — so valid wet slip resistance testing aetm often needed.

Some slip measurement advocates are wrongly claiming that the dynamic coefficient of friction is a more important value than the static coefficient of friction. This test can be used on nearly all surfaces.

Slip Resistance Testing Standards in | Safety Direct America

D is the only currently used and accepted standard that has a numerical value that polished floors must meet or exceed in order to be in compliance. The Access Board later withdrew this citation, and now provides no suggested test method or safety standard. Safety on flooring and ramps is one of the most common reasons for concern about the static coefficient of friction. The BOTE performs a test without human input except for setup and the pressing of an electronic button.

The impetus for this standard was provided by the U. Thus the same floor could have coefficients of friction of 0. Click here to see a SlipAlert Video Demonstration. The James machine was designed to measure the static coefficient of friction of an interface of a dried polish film in contact with a specification leather sensor. The OSHA recommendation is therefore meaningless, but has caused confusion for many years.


Highly regarded agencies use the results from these machines and their tests to create recommendations and standards that other agencies follow. The meter itself provides the applied weight on a horizontal surface of the material to be tested. We do not perform this measurement. This valve is sensitive to the amount of force or speed used by the operator to depress it no doubt a part of the precision problemwhich raises the possibility that the operator can unwittingly or wittingly influence the result according to his or her preconceived notion of whether the floor is slippery or non-slip.

Dry surfaces are mostly tested by this method, wet measurements are possible but erratic.

Static Coefficient of Friction Measurements | Anderson Materials Evaluation, Inc.

The meter has three feet which are Neolite for standard slippage testing purposes. The reasons for withdrawal included poor precision in interlaboratory studies, which made it impossible to present a reasonable precision statement as required by ASTM. ASTM F is based on a study that was conducted at the USC Medical Center, xstm asked tribometer owners to test four different surfaces and rank them in order of slip resistance. These surface characterizations are very useful in engineering a higher traction surface.

Static Coefficient of Friction Measurements

Both hard and soft rubbers are specified for the pendulum, with soft rubber being applied primarily to barefoot situations such as showers, bathroom floors, and swimming pool decks. The English XL Tribometer mimics the human stepping motion and allows for synchronized application of vertical and horizontal forces. We can also examine surfaces with FTIR spectroscopy to characterize polymeric material surfaces.

Testing the Safety of Polished Floors. Static coefficient of friction slip testing is therefore irrelevant. Each has its own appropriate safety standard se. Anderson Materials Evaluation, Inc.

This test can be used on both wet and dry walking surfaces.